Di McQueen-Richardson’s bee farm at Coutts Crossing on the New South Wales Mid North Coast is still suffering from the ongoing impact of the once-in-a-century flood.

Just over a month after her farm was hit by the natural disaster, the growing number of decimated hives on the property has surpassed 100.

“I’d say there were 120 hives destroyed altogether, and with 20 to 50,000 bees per hive that’s a lot of bees,” Ms McQueen-Richardson said. “We would have lost millions of bees.”

Initially, floodwaters were responsible for destroying several beehives on the property, but prolonged rainfall in the region had far more devastating effects.

“It was quite a bit of time that the bees weren’t able to get out of the hives and go foraging,” Ms McQueen-Richardson said.

“What happens then is they use up their honey stores inside their hives to keep them going.

“When [the stored honey] runs out the hives can perish.”

In addition to this, hives are being targeted by an abundance of predatory insects.

“After the bush fires it seems insects have boomed,” Ms McQueen-Richardson said.

“Ants and small hive beetles have been a huge issue this season.”

While ants essentially take over a hive searching for honey, the small hive beetle, among other things, plant their larvae in honeycomb, fermenting the honey.

Piles of honey comb in wooden frames with sludge seeping out of the comb
Hundreds of honeycomb frames infected with small hive beetle will be burnt.

“They effectively turn the frames of comb to liquid slush,” Ms McQueen-Richardson said.

“It’s not a smell you ever want to smell, it’s horrible. It’s a horrible experience when you open a hive and see that it has been slimed out.”

Ms McQueen-Richardson said the damage sustained from the floods has severely impacted her business.

“We had orders of hives that were to go out to people that we haven’t been unable to fulfil,” she said.

“It has cost us probably $70,000, possibly more if you include loss of income from not being able to sell those hives.”

A man and woman in white bee suits hold a feeding tub over four boxes of bee hives
A concoction of sugar syrup and super greens is given to the bees to substitute nectar. (Supplied: Di McQueen-Richardson)

Ms McQueen-Richardson said they have had to start hand-feeding the bees that did survive, which comes at a big cost.

“We’ve been feeding them twice a day since the floods and we are going to have to continue that now until the weather warms up again,” she said. “It’s costing us between $60 and $90 a day to feed the bees. It really adds up.”

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